How Far Is Too Far? Part I

Sponsored by: Dead Down Wind & The Archery Hall of Fame


By: M.R. James

MY BUDDY WAS STILL SNUGGLED inside his sleeping bag when I pushed through the tent flaps and blurted, “Want to help blood trail a buck I just shot?” That query brought Rudy out of his early morning slumber faster than any shrilling alarm clock could. Moments later we were leaving our soggy deer camp, hustling straight for the rye field where I’d arrowed a feeding 8-pointer shortly after the overnight storms ended.  I explained what had happened as we hiked.

“The rain had quit when I finally woke up and rolled out. You’d said you were sleeping in, so I slipped on my camo, grabbed my recurve, and took off. Figured deer might be moving after the all-night downpour. And sure enough, I almost walked smack into a nice buck when I rounded the bend at the field’s edge.

“Somehow he didn’t see or hear me. I stopped dead, pulled and nocked an arrow, then drew and released. He was perfectly broadside and my arrow hit just behind his shoulder. He boiled out of the field into the brush on the far side. The shot looked good all the way. Don’t think he’ll make it very far, but I figured you’d want to be in on the recovery.”

SHOOTING INSTINCTIVELY, I tagged this Michigan buck with one arrow at 40 yards on a late 1960s bowhunt. Competing in National Field Archery Association tournaments – with shots taken at up to 80 yards – prepared hunters for long-range shooting. Later I came to realize there’s a big difference between paper targets and flesh and blood animals.

Rudy nodded and grunted. “How far was the shot?”

Hmmm. Good question. And until he asked I’d never given it a thought. After all, this was the mid-1960s when every bowhunter shot a recurve or longbow, mostly instinctively, although a few guys in the local archery club used sights for field archery competition. Me? I simply picked a spot where I wanted my arrow to hit, then released when it felt right. Believe it or not, thousands of shots taken during countless hours of practice resulted in more accuracy than most modern bowhunters might imagine.

“Don’t know how far he was,” I admitted. “Fairly long shot. Probably 45 to 50 yards.”

As it turned out, when I later paced off the distance from the toilet paper square I’d hung on a trailside bush where I’d stood, to the cut hair, blood, and muddy hoof marks in the rye field, I was surprised to discover the actual distance was 64 yards.


HUNTING OPEN COUNTRY GAME like pronghorns and mule deer can tempt bowhunters to take long distance shots. My first muley was arrowed at 45 yards and my first shots at antelope were upwards of 50 yards. I later decided there’s more personal challenge and efficiency in stalking closer and taking shots of 30 yards or less. Today, despite practicing at longer yardages, I rarely release an arrow at animals standing 30 to 40 yards. I arrowed my last Wyoming pronghorn at 10 yards and my last Montana moose at 3 yards. Getting up close and personal is a true adrenaline rush!

I OFTEN USE THAT ANECDOTE in hunting seminars to point out the beauty of pure instinctive shooting. It’s what helped make men like Howard Hill and Fred Bear bowhunting legends. And in all honestly, it’s also what makes me rue the day I first put sights on my compound bows and needed to estimate yardages in order to shoot accurately.

Like Pope and Young Club founder Glenn St. Charles, who readily admitted his difficulty with shooting compounds instinctively, I also tried but failed miserably. When my wheeled bows’ string tension relaxed before reaching full draw, my focus on the spot I wanted to hit was thrown off kilter because the lighter pull made me want to elevate my bow arm. Glenn noted a similar problem. In short, our brains couldn’t make the adjustment necessary to maintain required focus. Our instinctive aim-draw-release shooting style was to blame. Conversely, my old pal Judd Cooney, a noted hunting guide, wildlife photographer, and outdoor writer, can pick up most any compound and begin shooting it accurately without sight pins after only a couple of test shots. His shooting style involves a firm anchor and aiming before the release; mine allows a quick release once my fingers touch my corner-of-the-mouth anchor.

WHEN I STARTED SHOOTING compound bows in the early 1970s, I switched from instinctive to sights. The let-off feature of wheeled bows messed up my instinctive shooting process of picking a spot and releasing when the shot felt right. Suddenly, using sight pins and judging yardages was necessary. And at times I yearn for the time when things were simpler and less complicated. Fact is, I still love shooting my stickbows instinctively.

Regardless, I also use this same deer hunting anecdote to point out a personally disturbing trend I see more and more these days: long-range shooting at game animals. While I always tell folks in my seminars that the 64-yard shot at that Illinois buck was deadly, I quickly add that I took that shot “before I knew better.” And I go on to explain that while I’ll commonly practice at 50 and 60 yards or more, I seldom shoot at an animal standing more than 40 to 45 yards away.

“Deer and elk aren’t McKenzie targets,” I caution. “They can and do move. Distance magnifies any shooting error in form or yardage judgment. Also, a single step or slight turn by any animal can make the difference between a double-lung hit and dreaded gut shot. Frankly, I cringe when I read or hear about bowhunters taking 80 and 90-yard shots, much less shots of 100-plus yards. Too much can go wrong.”

BACK IN 1971 during a Nebraska bowhunt, I shared a camp with maybe two dozen members of the Professional Bowhunters Society, serious bowhunters all. Among the witnessed kills that week were a couple of antelope arrowed at 100+ yards. With stickbows. Shot instinctively. Nearly two decades later, when Dr. Jack Frost became the first bowhunter to collect all four species of North American wild sheep, he caught flak for mentioning one of his rams was killed at more than 100 yards. With a compound bow equipped with sights. There’s no question hunting tackle has evolved. Super-fast flat-shooting bows have changed things, but not all for the better. The weak link is now and always has been the shooter. My Black Widow recurve, handcrafted in the 1960s by the Wilson Brothers in Nixa, Missouri, is still capable of casting a hunting arrow 100-plus yards and killing any big game animal on earth. Ditto for my BowTech or Mathews cam bows, which routinely deliver my arrows to the target quicker. But in each instance the key is hitting exactly where a shaving-sharp broadhead inflicts the damage necessary for a quick, clean kill.

THIS VINTAGE PHOTO from 1963 was snapped during an NFAA tourney in southern Indiana. That’s the same year I tagged my first record book whitetail, thanks to the instinctive shooting skills I’d honed on the target range. That Hoosier buck was shot at under 25 yards, the same distance many modern day whitetails are taken. For my money, getting close to game is what bowhunting is all about.

Admittedly, I know a handful of men quite capable of repeatedly hitting soda cans and other small targets at triple-digit yardages. I can’t and so I don’t take such super-long shots. And based on my 50-plus years of serious bowhunting, the same can be said of a majority of modern bowhunters. There’s a Grand Canyon of difference between shooting at a stationary, inanimate target and a living, breathing game animal. Missing the kill area by a foot or more means nothing on one target. On the other the end result can be a wounded, unrecovered animal. To my way of thinking, it’s simply not worth the risk.

Just because Chuck Adams or Ray Howell or Randy Ulmer are excellent long-range shooters doesn’t mean you can make the same shots. Every bowhunter needs to recognize his or her limitations and effective shooting range. Lobbing arrows at downrange animals is at worst irresponsible and at best risky. There’s something about the sight of large antlers that causes most hunters’ hearts to beat faster, knees get wobbly, and minds grow mushy, making shooting accurately under pressure-packed situations difficult enough. Add extra-long yardages to the equation and challenging moments of truth become even more problematic.

And speaking of challenge, what’s become of the time-honored bowhunting goal of getting close to wary game, remaining undetected, and releasing well-aimed arrows? What’s become of the emphasis on hunting, not just shooting? I know what still gives me an adrenaline rush after more than half a century afield carrying bows and arrows, is willingly accepting self-imposed challenges. These include the elements of individual woodsmanship, stealth, stalking ability, and near point-blank shots. Each is a key part of the bowhunting art. Each places the emphasis where it belongs, on the hunter, not his equipment.

I’ll have more to say on this important subject in next month’s column.

You can find other articles by M.R. James here: Thoughts and Tips


If you like to read M.R.’s bowhunting adventures you will love his newest book, Hunting the Dream.
Hunting the Dream is available now so be sure and get your copy of this great book.

3 Responses to "How Far Is Too Far? Part I"

  1. Zan D. Christensen   2013/07/13 at 2:55 pm

    Your last paragraph sums it up perfectly M.R., well said! ~Zan

  2. Corey B. James   2013/07/13 at 3:20 pm

    Ethical Shooting Distance

    Myths abound about how far archers should shoot at game. You hear then in almost any Pro Shop just a month or so before the season… Some bowhunters are opposed to shots beyond 30 to 40 yards. In reality, ethical shooting distance must be an individual choice — not a rigid, mandated matter that you must or have to follow. Practice distance shooting (40, 45 and 65 yards+) and if you can place it, penetration on light skinned animals like SE Deer are an easy kill even out to 70-80 yards with a properly tuned bow and capable speed and good choice of broadhead and arrow shafts.

    On average, a beginning bowhunter cannot hit a deer’s vital eight-inch chest zone beyond 20-25 yards. Most of your intermediate and advanced bowhunters can hit an eight-inch target out to 40 yards easily.

    I have always had a simple rule, 10-15 yards

    A few bowhunters believe that longer shots increase the chance that target animals will move and take non-vital hits, however, studies indicate that closer animals are more intimately threatened by danger and thus likely to jump the string or duck under, or wheel at the sound of your bowstring. For this reason, there is no ethical objection to shooting at 50-yard or 80-yard deer, provided these animals are calm, and provided you are certain you can hit the mark on your quarry.

    Broadhead Accuracy

    Broadheads are prone to veer off target unless a bow is perfectly tuned, for this reason, many archers believe that broadheads and field points never hit the same place downrange. The truth is, a perfectly adjusted bow shoots all types of arrowheads in the same place. The key is using heads that weigh exactly the same. If your field points, blunts, and broadheads all weigh 125 grains, for example, your setup will theoretically produce identical point of impact. 2 Blade broadheads typically have a high flight path vs. a 3-blade and the more blades = more drag.

    The real trick is practice and tune your bow for the intended arrow shafts and broadheads… Unfortunately, many bowhunters and even archery store owners do not offer this assistance, so you are on your own. The result is erratic point of impact and the reinforced notion that consistent accuracy is impossible. You need to clearly identify your three “touch-points” and repeat this always regardless of your stance.

    By learning solid bow-hunting basics and learning your facial touch points or anchor point and in obtaining arrowheads of identical weight matched to the correct arrow shaft and fletching you can vastly improve your groups.

    Forget speed, shoot for accuracy first then up your speed!

    Corey B. James

    a.k.a. the “Original” Weatherbyman – CBJ

  3. Dave Kocher   2013/07/14 at 2:49 pm

    I think that shots out to 60 70 or even 80 yrds with a bow no matter how fine it is tuned and how much practice you do or how good you are is just to far.There is to much chance for error .Archery is an up close sport 0 to 35 yrds should be the limit.